Population Health contains six units: Healthy People and Places Unit, Public Health Unit, Health Promotion Service, NSW Refugee Health Service, BreastScreen NSW, and Centre for Health Equity Training, Research and Evaluation (CHETRE).
The Healthy People and Places Unit (HPPU) works with local councils, other state government agencies, communities and developers to plan and develop built environments that promote health. The Unit also (1) conducts research, evaluation and surveillance in population health, promotes an evidence-based approach to population health programs, and supports graduate and post-graduate learning in population health, (2) provides specialist strategic, planning, performance and business support to AIDS Program–funded services in South Western Sydney LHD and (3) provides the managerial functions for Population Health.
The Public Health Unit (PHU) is responsible for the surveillance and control of notified infectious diseases, the investigation and control of outbreaks, the regulation of some specific environmental health hazards and assessing environmental health risks. The PHU also ensures compliance with public health legislation that regulates the sale of tobacco products and exposure to smoking, implements the school immunisation program; provides immunisation advice and responds to and manages public health incidents and disasters.
The Health Promotion Service (HPS) develops, implements and evaluates community-based programs that improve and maintain population health and reduce inequities in health outcomes. Programs focus on lifestyle-related causes of ill health and creating physical and social environments that promote health and well-being. Some programs work with people living in communities who are most at risk.
The NSW Refugee Health Service (RHS) is a state-wide service based in Liverpool that provides support and clinical services to refugees and others of refugee-like backgrounds. This includes a program of nurse-led health assessments for all new arrivals to metropolitan Sydney. The Service also provides health education for community members, training for health professionals, policy advice and service development support, and undertakes research.
BreastScreen NSW provides free screening mammograms for the early detection of breast cancer in south western Sydney. The program specifically targets asymptomatic women aged 50 to 74 on a two-yearly basis. Screening is provided through four fixed sites in Bankstown, Liverpool, Campbelltown and Bowral and a mobile screening unit.
The Centre for Health Equity Training, Research and Evaluation (CHETRE) provides leadership and a focus on training, research and evaluation in the area of health equity, with a particular emphasis on the development and evaluation of interventions to reduce health inequities. CHETRE has four work streams: children and young people research; community development and population health research; translational research; and research and intervention capacity building activities. CHETRE is also part of the Centre for Primary Health Care and Equity, UNSW Australia and a member of the Ingham Institute for Applied Medical Research.